More About Canada

Canada consistently ranks among the happiest countries to live in every year. Learn more about this beautiful country below.

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More About Canada

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Region, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second largest country by total area.

Its southern and western border with the United States, stretching 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world’s longest bi-national land border. Canada’s capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan area are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

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Canada is the world's tenth-largest economy as of 2018, with a nominal GDP of approximately US$1.73 trillion. It is one of the least corrupt countries in the world and is one of the world's top ten trading nations, with a highly globalized economy. Canada has a mixed economy ranking above the U.S. and most western European nations on The Heritage Foundation’s Index of Economic Freedom and experiencing a relatively low level of income disparity. The country's average household disposable income per capita is "well above" the OECD average. The Toronto Stock Exchange is the ninth-largest stock exchange in the world by market capitalization, listing over 1,500 companies with a combined market capitalization of over US$2 trillion.
In 2018, Canadian trade in goods and services reached CA$1.5 trillion. Canada's exports totalled over CA$585 billion, while its imported goods were worth over CA$607 billion, of which approximately CA$391 billion originated from the United States, CA$216 billion from non-U.S. sources. In 2018, Canada had a trade deficit in goods of CA$22 billion and a trade deficit in services of CA$25 billion.

Healthcare in Canada

Healthcare in Canada is delivered through the provincial and territorial systems of publicly funded health care, informally called Medicare. It is guided by the provisions of the Canada Health Act of 1984, and is universal. Universal access to publicly funded health services "is often considered by Canadians as a fundamental value that ensures national health care insurance for everyone wherever they live in the country. However, 30 percent of Canadians' healthcare is paid for through the private sector. This mostly goes towards services not covered or partially covered by Medicare, such as prescription drugs, optometry, and dentistry. Approximately 65 to 75 percent of Canadians have some form of supplementary health insurance related to the aforementioned reasons; many receive it through their employers or utilizes secondary social service programs related to extended coverage for families receiving social assistance or vulnerable demographics, such as seniors, minors, and those with disabilities.


Education in Canada is for the most part provided publicly, funded and overseen by federal, provincial, and local governments. Education is within provincial jurisdiction and the curriculum is overseen by the province. Education in Canada is generally divided into primary education, followed by secondary education and post-secondary. Education in both English and French is available in most places across Canada. Canadian provinces and territories are responsible for education provision. Canada has a large number of Universities, almost all of which are publicly funded. Established in 1663, Universite Laval is the oldest post-secondary institution in Canada. The largest university is the University of Toronto with over 85,000 students. Four universities are regularly ranked among the top 100 world-wide, namely University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, McGill University and McMaster University, with a total of 18 universities ranked in the top 500 worldwide.
According to a 2019 report by the OECD, Canada is one of the most educated countries in the world; the country ranks first worldwide in the number of adults having tertiary education, with over 56 percent of Canadian adults having attained at least an undergraduate college or university degree. Canada spends about 5.3 percent of its GDP on education. The country invests heavily in tertiary education (more than US$20,000 per student). As of 2014, 89 percent of adults aged 25 to 64 have earned the equivalent of a high-school degree, compared to an OECD average of 75 percent.
The mandatory education age ranges between 5–7 to 16–18 years, contributing to an adult literacy rate of 99 percent. Just over 60,000 children are homeschooled as of 2016. In 2002, 43 percent of Canadians aged 25 to 64 possessed a post-secondary education; for those aged 25 to 34, the rate of post-secondary education reached 51 percent. The Programme for International Student Assessment indicates Canadian students perform well above the OECD average, particularly in mathematics, science, and reading, ranking the overall knowledge and skills of Canadian 15-year- olds as the sixth-best in the world. Canada is a well-performing OECD country in reading literacy, mathematics, and science with the average student scoring 523.7, compared with the OECD average of 493 in 2015.

Some Facts About Toronto

Toronto is Canada’s largest city with a population now of almost 5.6 million.
Toronto is the fifth largest city in North America. Larger cities include Mexico City, New York City, Los Angeles and Chicago.
Toronto is the world’s fourth most livable city.
Toronto has more than 8,000 restaurants. And some restaurants are now encouraging a 20% tip.
The St. Lawrence Market is one of Canada’s great markets. The selection of food is outstanding. Runner up in my books is Kensington Market.
The coldest temperature ever recorded in Toronto was -31.3°C (-24.3°F) on January 4, 1981. The windchill on that day was -44.7°C (-48.5°F), the coldest ever.
The highest temperatures ever recorded were 41°C (105°F) from July 7-9 in 1936.
Toronto ranks second as the world’s most business competitive global city.
Toronto ranks as the twelfth most economically powerful city city in the world – based on economic output, innovation, its’ global economic power score and its’ financial center score.
Yonge Street was once considered to be the longest street in the world. No more. It starts at Queen’s Quay and ends at a farm access lane west of Keswick – not 1,896 kilometres later in Rainy River as was originally thought.
The Toronto Zoo is the largest in Canada. It is home to over 16,000 animals representing 491 species. PATH is the largest underground pedestrian system in North America. It connects 1200 stores and restaurants, 50 office towers, 20 parking garages, five subway stations and a railway terminal over its’ twenty eight kilometre length. Each letter in PATH is a different colour representing a different direction: P is red and points south. A is orange and points west. T is blue and directs north. H is yellow and points east. The world’s largest underground sidewalk sale happens once a year with all the businesses found along the PATH.
Movie stars from Toronto include Jim Carrey, Mike Myers and Eugene Levy. My husband was the soccer coach for Eugene’s son when he was all of six.
Toronto is North America’s third largest venue for movie production. There are over 25,000 jobs in feature film production.
The Toronto Maple Leafs haven’t won a Stanley Cup since 1967. And despite being consistently one of the worst teams in the NHL, they have a loyal fan base and tickets are always sold out.
They boast many other professional sports teams – The Toronto Raptors (basketball), The Toronto Blue Jays (baseball), The Toronto Argonauts (football), the Toronto FC team (soccer), Toronto Rock (National Lacrosse) and the Toronto Marlies (American Hockey League).
There are 9,520 streets in Toronto. The longest street is Lawrence Avenue East (other than Yonge Street.)
There are over 1.6 million trips every day on the TTC (Toronto Transit Commission) which includes subways, buses and streetcars.
Toronto’s transit system is the second largest in North America and has the highest per capita ridership rate. I do wish they’d work harder to clean up the subway stations though.
Toronto’s Pearson Airport is the busiest in Canada and the fourth busiest in North America.

Niagara Falls

Some Facts About British Columbia

1. British Columbia is the third largest and most westerly province in Canada and it is four times the size of Great Britain.
2. Half of all British Columbians live in the metropolitan area of Vancouver.
3. BC has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites, six National Parks and over 400 provincial parks, recreation and conservation areas.
4. Among all provinces and territories of Canada, British Columbia has the mildest climate. It has the longest frost-free periods of Canada and flowers often start blooming as early as February.
5. British Columbia is one of the top 3 producing regions of cranberries and blueberries in the world.
6. BC is home to the world’s largest hockey stick! It was originally created for the Expo 1986 and then acquired by the city of Duncan, BC, where it is on display today. The stick is 62.48 metres long, weighs 28.12 tonnes (62,000 lb) and is therefore 40 times the size of a regular hockey stick. Make sure to take a look on your next trip to Vancouver Island!
7. Speaking of world records, BC resident Sarwan Singh who lives in the City of Surrey in the south of BC holds the world record for “Longest Beard” on a living male. It measures over 2.33 metres.
8. Actress Pamela Anderson was born on July 1st, 1967, in Ladysmith, BC, on Vancouver Island. She was the first child born in Canada on the 100th celebration of Canada Day (4:08 am), and was therefore named Canada’s “Centennial Baby”.
9. BC’s capital city Victoria, located on Vancouver Island, has an annual flower count at the end of the winter. Each year the community gets together to count more than one billion blooms. And while we are speaking of Victoria – the city was named after the British Queen Victoria.
10. The wettest city of Canada is Prince Rupert on the west coast of British Columbia. With an average of 239.7 days of rain per year and a total amount of 2593.6 mm of rain per year, it was given this title by The Weather Network.
11. Vancouver Island is also home to the highest waterfall in Canada. The Della Falls in Strathcona Provincial Park are 440 metres high, which is more than eight times the height of Niagara Falls.
12. “The Hanging Garden Tree” on Meares Island close to Tofino is one of the oldest known western red cedars and is estimated to be between 1,500 and 2,000 years old.
13. Nanaimo, a coastal city on Vancouver Island, is the Bathtub Racing capital of the world. The first race took place in 1967 to showcase Nanaimo to the world and contestants are required to use a bathtub boat.
14. Whistler is home to the longest unsupported cable car in the world. It connects the two peaks of the Whistler Blackcomb ski resort, one of the best resorts in North America for skiing and snowboarding.

Get a selfie shot at the Ottawa sign in the Byward Market

Some Facts About Ottawa

Ottawa is the capital of Canada.
Ottawa is the fourth largest city in Canada.
In 1857 Queen Victoria chose Ottawa to be the capital of Canada.
Ottawa’s version of ‘Love Locks’ seen while biking along the Rideau Canal Ottawa is located on the banks of the Ottawa, Rideau and Gatineau Rivers.
Ottawa is the seventh coldest capital in the world. Others that are colder include in order of coldest first are Ulaan-Baatar in Mongolia, Astana in Kazakhastan, Moscow, Russia, Helsinki in Finland, Reykjavik, Iceland and Tallinn in Estonia.
In 1970-71 a record 444.1 cm of snow fell over the winter. The average annual snowfall in Ottawa is 236 cm (92.8 inches).
Ottawa receives an average of 2061 hours of bright sunshine a year. Compare that to Calgary that gets 2,405 hours of sunshine per year – the highest of any major Canadian city.
On the summer solstice the sun rises at 5:14 AM and sets at 8:54 PM. On the winter solstice the sun rises at 7:39 AM and sets at 4:23 PM.
The metro Ottawa area population is 1,236,324. Of those, 920,000 live on the Ontario side of the river.
About 25% of Ottawa residents were born outside of Canada.
Nearly half the population is under the age of 35 – making it one of the youngest cities in the country.
Ottawa is a multilingual city. Approximately 50% of people speak English, 32% French and the rest a mix of other languages including Chinese, Arabic, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese.
Ottawa has more scientists, engineers and PhD’s per capita than any other city in Canada.
The Ottawa Capital region welcomes more than 7.3 million visitors annually.
Ottawa ranks as the most educated city in the country.
The Federal Government is the city’s largest employer.
Ottawa is the fourth cleanest city out of 300 major cities ranked around the world – at least according to Forbes.
Famous people from Ottawa include Paul Anka, Lorne Greene, Alanis Morissette, Dan Ankroyd, Adrienne Clarkson, Tom Green, Peter Jennings, Rich Little, Sandra Oh, Matthew Perry, and Tom Cruise.

Money sense ranked Ottawa for the third consecutive year as the best city in
Canada to live in.

Byward Market and the Parliament Buildings from the Andaz Hote
Ottawa boasts a UNESCO World heritage site – the Rideau Canal. It is the best preserved example of a slackwater canal built in North America.
You might like: Skating the Rideau Canal in Ottawa
Lots of people skating on the Rideau Canal on a Monday afternoon
Looking down the Rideau Canal towards the Ottawa River

Walking towards the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa seen at the Canadian Museum of
Nature – The Canadian Museum of Civilization is the most visited museum in Canada.

The Ottawa Little Theater is Canada’s oldest amateur theatrical group.

Some Facts about Montreal

The metro area population of Montreal in 2020 is  approximately 4,221,000.
Montreal is the second largest city in Canada. It was the largest city until sometime in the 70’s when Toronto took over the title.
Montreal is one of the five largest French speaking cities in the world. Paris is first.
John Lennon’s song – Give peace a chance – was written in Montreal during a Bed-in at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel on June 1, 1969.
There are 11 university level institutions in Montreal including four that are world-class. Students pay some of the cheapest tuition in Canada.
Montreal has the highest number of restaurants per capita in Canada and the second highest in North America after New York City.
The lowest temperature ever recorded in Montreal was -37.8°C (-36°F) on January 15, 1957. The record low with wind chill was -49.1°C (-56°F) on January 23. 1976. Montreal was home to the 1976 Summer Olympics. They were the first Olympics ever held in Canada.
Habitat 67 was built as a pavilion for Expo 67. Conceived by architect Moshe Safdie it is one of the most recognizable buildings in Montreal. It is comprised of 354 identical prefabricated concrete forms arranged in various combinations up to 12 stories high. There are now 156 residences – many with multiple forms – and all with at least one private terrace.

Some Facts about Manitoba

Manitoba. It’s a cold and snowy province but it’s also rich with culture, nature and incredible sights. We’re proud to live in Canada but even prouder to be a Manitoba business.
Manitoba is considered a “keystone” province because of its shape and position in the center of Canada.
Winnipeg, Manitoba’s capital, is the geographic centre of Canada. You can even visit the site and snap a photo while you’re there.
Winnipeg has been voted the Slurpee Capital of the World 20 years in a row. For those who’ve never had a Slurpee, it’s a frozen, sugary slushie drink that can be ordered in “Big Gulp” size for an extra cool treat. Manitobans enjoy Slurpees during summer and winter alike – it’s truly become a year-long favourite.
Winnipeg has been deemed one of the five coldest cities in the world, alongside Yellowknife, Duninka and Yakutsk (both in Russia) and Harbin, China.
Manitoba has over 100,000 beautiful lakes, perfect for canoeing, kayaking, fishing and swimming during the hot summer months.
The province is home to two national parks: Riding Mountain National Park and Wapusk National Park. If you’re looking to get lost in wildlife, go camping or hike the trails, these parks are the perfect destination. There are many parks within the city limits as well, like King’s Park, Kildonan Park and Assiniboine Park (to name a few of many).
The town of Churchill is the place to experience nature. Take a guided polar bear or beluga tour, explore the tundra on a dog sled and spot the aurora borealis at night. Churchill has been named the polar bear capital of the world.
You can check out the closest thing to a desert in Spruce Woods Provincial Park, near Brandon, Manitoba. Hike the sand dunes in the Spirit Sands and Devil’s Punch Bowl trail – some of the dunes reach 30 metres in height.
Winnipeg is home to the Jets, a team in the National Hockey League. You can normally cheer them on from the stands at Bell MTS Place, but in the meantime you can watch games from the comfort of your home.
Winnipeg is also home to the Canadian Museum for Human Rights, the first national museum outside Canada’s capital city. The museum was built to showcase and educate people on human rights issues while minimizing the structure’s impact on the environment. The rotating exhibits have featured stories on war, women’s rights and truth and reconciliation, among many others..
If you’re looking for a day trip, take the drive out to Gimli, the largest Icelandic community outside of Iceland. Located along the shores of Lake Winnipeg, tourists (and residents) can enjoy the beaches, local shops and eateries as well as the iconic Gimli Pier. During the summer, you can catch a movie on the beach during the Gimli Film Festival.